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WILD JHARKHAND

Palamu National Park & Tiger Reserve

Lying between 83°50' and 84 °36' E longitudes and 23°25' and 23°55' N latitudes, the Palamau Wildlife Sanctuary was initially created over a forest area of 979.97 Sq. Km. and since then an area of 226.32 Sq. Km. of this sanctuary has been notified as Betla National Park. Both the areas have been included in the Palamau Tiger Reserve created under Project Tiger. The annual temperature here varies from 4° to 50°C and the mean annual rainfall is 1075 mm. The area is drained by the North Koel and its tributary, the Burha River. Forests here are of Dry as well as Moist Deciduous types with bamboo brakes. Besides diverse herbs, shrubs and grasses, the important tree species are Sal, Asan, Sidha, Semal, Karam, Chilbil, Kusum, Bherhul, Dhaura, Khair, Salai etc. The sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna with 47 species of mammals, 174 species of birds, 970 species of flora including 25 species of climbers, 46 species of shrubs in addition to herbs, grasses etc. Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Sambhar, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Sloth Bear, Nilgai, Wild Dog, Wolf, Hyaena etc and varieties of reptiles and beautiful birds can be sighted here without much effort. Once ruled by the Chero Kings, the sanctuary also has many historical monuments and forts, deep inside Betla forests on the banks of the Auranga River. Other attractions nearby are Lodh and Sugabandh Water Falls and Tataha Hot-water Spring.

Singhbhum Elephant Reserve


The Singhbhum Elephant Reserve, the first Elephant Reserve of the Country, was created in 2001 under the Project Elephant, comprising an area of 13,440 Sq. Km. in East and West Singhbhum and Saraikela - Kharsawan Districts (old Singhbhum District) for scientific and planned management aimed at conservation of Elephant habitats and viable population of wild Asiatic Elephants in Jharkhand, ecological restoration of their existing natural habitats and migratory routes, mitigating Human-Elephant conflicts in problem areas, moderating pressure of human and their live-stock on crucial Elephant habitats, protection from poachers, etc. Besides 8910.10 Sq. Km. of non-forest area, the Reserve includes 4529.90 Sq. Km. of forest area, subsuming the entire Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, and has been divided into the management units of Core Area (2577.38 Sq. Km.) and Buffer Area (1952.52 Sq. Km.).
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary


Lying in the catchment area of Subarnarekha River and adjoining Purulia District of West Bengal, this wildlife sanctuary with an area of 193.22 Sq. Km. on the National Highway No. 33 near Jamshedpur has undulating terrain with high hillocks (Max. 984 M MSL), plateau, deep valley and open fields between hillocks, providing diverse habitat for flora and fauna. The forests here are mostly Dry Mixed Deciduous with few Dry Peninsular Sal, the main tree species being Terminalias, Jamun, Dhaura, Kendu, Karam etc. The sanctuary is very much favoured by the Elephants due to availability of water even during summer. Leopard, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Sloth Bear, Monkey, Giant Squirrel are abundant here.

Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary

This wildlife sanctuary with an area of 207 Sq. Km. lies between 80°25' and 80°57' E longitudes and 23°57' and 24°20' N latitudes in the south-west corner of Chatra District and is surrounded by the Amanat river in the south, Chako nala in the west and Lilajan river in the north-west. The forests here are miscellaneous, of Dry Mixed Deciduous type with Bamboo and patches of pure Asan crops. Other tree species being Khair, Siris, Bauhinia, Bel, Palas, Dhow etc. Besides a variety of birds, the sanctuary is the home for a complete range of mammals including Tiger, Leopard, Sambhar, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Nilgai etc.

Mahuadand Wildlife Sanctuary


This wildlife sanctuary was created over an area of 63.25 Sq. Km. in order to conserve the endangered Wolf species in this identified habitat of theirs. The area with deep gullies comprises Dry Peninsular Sal and Dry Deciduous Forests, drained by Burha River and its tributaries flowing from the hills of Chhatisgarh, and experiences severe heat up to 49°C during summer as well as night frost during winter. Here the average annual rainfall is over 1800 mm. The tree species are Sal, Terminalias, Dhaura, Kendu etc. Ravines covered by thick bushes in Sarnadih and Urumbi forest patches are favoured by the Wolves for making their dens. They prey on village pigs and goats during the evening in addition to small wild mammals such as Hares, Mongoose, Rats, Squirrels small deer and ground birds.

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary

Spread over an area of 150.62 Sq. Km. lying between 85°05'15" and 85°05'30" E longitudes and 24°12' and 24°37' N latitudes and bordering the forests of Gaya District of Bihar, this wildlife sanctuary comprises hilly range of dry deciduous forests, traversed by plenty of rivulets. Besides shrubs and grasses, the important tree species here are Sal, Asan, Panjan, Kendu, Salai, Mahua, Piar, Sidha, Amla, Jamun, Bauhinia, Khair, Palas, Ber etc. The wild fauna includes Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Sambhar, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Giant Squirrel, Jackal, Fox, Hyaena, Langur, Porcupine etc. besides a variety of bird and reptile species.
Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary

Full of forested small hills (Max. 872 M MSL) and undulating terrain, the Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary is situated between 84°25' and 84°45'E longitudes and 22' 00' and 22°40' N latitude. It is spread over an area of 183.18 Sq. Km., traversed by rivers like Sankh, Banki, Painjra, Palamara and Torpa, with adjoining Tapkara Irrigation Dam. The annual temperature varies here between 7' and 40°C whereas the mean annual rainfall is 1030 mm. The sanctuary comprises Dry Deciduous Forests (Dry Peninsular Sal) bearing rich flora consisting of Sal and its associates like Asan, Gamhar, Salai, Piar, Amla, Mahua, Kusum, Mango etc. The mammal fauna consists mainly of Leopard, Sloth Bear, Jackal, Monkey, Porcupine, Hare etc. Frequently seen birds here are Jungle Fowl, Patridges, Koel, Parakeet, Owl and Pheasants.

Parasnath Wildlife Sanctuary

Surrounding the lush green and gorgeous Parasnath Hill (1371 M MSL), the highest in Jharkhand, and named after the 23'" Jain Thirthankar, Parsvanath, who attained nirvan on the Hill, this wildlife sanctuary with an area of 49.33 Sq. Km. is very rich in wild fauna and comprises mixed deciduous forests with very high incidence of climbers. The localised dampness here favours growth of plenty of lichens, mosses and ferns. The wild fauna comprises Leopard, Sloth Bear, Sambhar, Nilgai, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Langur, Monkey, Mongoose, Jungle cat, Porcupine, Hyaena etc. in addition to varieties of birds and reptiles.

Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary

Lying between 86°06' and 86°15' E longitudes and 23°50' and 23°56' N latitudes, the Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary has an area of 8.75 Sq. Km. The forests here are of Dry Mixed Deciduous type with Dry Peninsular Sal in Baneshpur and Bawardaha, the other tree species being Asan, Bijasal, Dhow, Semal, Kendu, Piar, Karam, Siris, Sidha etc. The grassland and bamboo crops are also present. Leopard, Jungle Cat, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Mongoose, Langur, Jackal, Fox, Wild Dog etc. constitute the mammal fauna here. The Topchanchi Lake adds to the richness of the habitat and is visited by migratory winter birds too.

Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary

Situated not very far away from the Ganges, it comprises twin lakes of Pataura (155 ha) and Berhale (410 ha), total area being 565 ha, with surrounding semi permanent wetlands. Both lakes remain connected during monsoon and winter whereas the former surrounded by small hillocks and crop land is linked through Udhuwa Nala to the Ganges the back¬water of which sustains the lake. Birds seen at water surface here are Gull, Jacana, Teal, Cormorant, Dabchick, Darter etc. and those on muddy banks are Wader, Lapwing, Plover, Wagtail, Egret, Heron, Ibis, Stork and Pratincole. Birds of open ground and grassland here include Blue Rock Pigeon, Lark, Bee-eater, Sparrow, Myna, Pipit, Bulbul etc. Mynas are represented here by six species, Pied Myna, Indian Myna, Bank Myna, Jungle Myna, Brahminy and Grey-headed Myna. Among birds of prey are Tern, Brahminy Kite, Fishing Eagle, Hawk and Vulture. House and Palm Swift, Swallow, Kingfisher, Drongo, Indian Roller and Parakeet are also common here. Migratory birds visiting the lake during winter include Black-headed & Brown-headed Gull, Grey-headed Lapwing, Little-ringed Plover, Red & Green Shanks, Spotted Green Shanks, Common Sandpiper, Temmink's Stint, Yellow & White Wagtail, Blue-throat, Western Swallow etc.

Crocodile Breeding Centre

The Crocodile Breeding Centre, situated at 35 Kms from Ranchi on Ormanjhi - Sikidiri Road at Muta, was commissioned in the year 1987 under the IUCN programme of conservation of endangered species. Marsh crocodile was first spotted in late 1960s in Bhera River which flows nearby. Here the Crocodile breeding was started with 5 crocodiles, two from Bhera River and three from Madras Crocodile Bank. A small Forest Rest House and Rest-shed cater to the needs of visitors.

Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary

Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary is the most coveted destination in the state of Jharkhand that attracts eco-tourists in large flocks. The Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary spreads across a sprawling area that measures approximately 184 square kilometers. The average height of the Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary is about 615 meters
A sojourn to the Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary can be a treat for both the eyes as well as the mind as the serene atmosphere that dominates there, will beyond a shadow of doubt, rejuvenate your soul and lighten up your mood. The varied fauna and flora that demarcates the Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary from the rest of the sanctuaries is truly a spectacle to watch.
Flora and Fauna - The Hazaribagh National Park has abundant wild animals like the Chital, Nilgai, Panther, Sambar, Sloth Bear, Tiger and Wild Boar. The Cheetal, Kakar, Nilgai, Sambar and Wild Boar are among the most easily and often spotted animals particularly near the waterholes at the time of the dusk. The population of the tigers is very less. According to 1991 Census, there were 14 tigers in the park. The tigers are really difficult to sight.
A 111-km long stretch of the road in the sanctuary takes the tourists to the remotest corners and masonry towers of the park. The road, strategically laid down, offers excellent opportunities for the view of the wild animals. The tribal population also lives around the sanctuary. The ark has many watchtowers that act as the perfect hideouts to see the wildlife in its natural surroundings.
Major Wildlife Attractions - The Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary is home to some of the beautiful and rare animals such as chital, kakar, Nilgai, leopard, mongoose, monkeys, mouse deer, Muntjac, panther, porcupine, sambar, sloth bear, Sambhar sloth bear and wild boar. Apart from this the sanctuary is also known to have many wild varieties of plant species. Visitors come here to have a glance of tigers in the sanctuary.