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WILD RAJASTHAN

Tal Chapper Wildlife Sanctuary

Located on the fringe of the Great Indian Thar Desert is nestled a unique refuge of the most elegant Antelope encountered in India “The Black buck”. Tal Chapper sanctuary with almost flat tract and interspersed shallow low lying areas has open grassland with scattered Acacia and prosopis trees which give it an appearance of a typical Savanna. The word “Tal” means plane land. The rain water flows through shallow low lying areas and collect in the small seasonal water ponds.
The Geology of the zone is obscured by the wind blown over-burden. Some small hillocks and exposed rocks of slate and quartzite are found in the western side of the sanctuary. Area between hillocks and the sanctuary constitutes the watershed area of the sanctuary. The whole sanctuary used to be flooded by water during the heavy rains but with salt mining going on in the watershed. Hardly any rain water falling on the hillocks reach the Sanctuary.
The Tal Chapper sanctuary lies in the Sujangarh Tehsil of Churu District, Situated in the North-East part of Rajasthan. It lies on Nokha - Sujangarh state Highway and is situated at a distance of 85 KM from Churu & about 132 Km from Bikaner.

Climate
  • Summer: Max - 50.0 degree C
  • Winter: Max - 25.0 degree C | Min - 9.1 Degree C

Access
  • Airport: Nearest Airport Jodhpur. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: Nearest Rail Head: Jaisalmer on the Delhi Mumbai rail route. Several trains a day from Delhi, Mumbai, Agra, Jaipur.
  • Roadways: Daily buses from Jaisalmer.

Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary

In forest of bamboo and dry deciduous vegetation.108 km from Udaipur, the forested Sanctuary provides rich pastures for a variety of Deer that includes the Chousingha and for Caracal wild Boar, Pangolin and Leopards.

Area Details: Total Area: 866 sq.km | Core Area: 498 sq.km.
Climate
  • Summer: Max - 41.0 degree C | Min - 28.0 Degree C
  • Winter: Max - 23.0 degree C | Min - 8.0 Degree C.
  • Rainfall: 57.77 cms
  • Humidity: 70%.

Access:
  • Airport: Nearest Airport: Jaipur 180 km. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: The nearest rail junction is Alwar at a distance of 35 km, from where you can hire a taxi or travel by bus to the park.
  • Roadways: There are direct buses that ply between Delhi and Jaipur also go via Alwar and Sariska.

Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary

The sanctuary comprises the oldest mountain ranges - The Aravali. It was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1960. Apart from having several sightseeing places this sanctuary is a draw for nature lovers as it has great potential for Eco-tourism, in shape this sanctuary is long and narrow but the top spreads out into a picturesque plateau which is about 19 km. is length and 5-8 km. in breadth. Attitudinally it varies from 300 M at the foot Mil to 1722 M at Gurashikhar, the highest peak of the Aravali Ranges. The rocks are igneous and due the weathering effect of wind and water, large cavities are common the rocks. This feature is typical of Aravali and particularly of Mt. Abu. Toad Rock in Mount Abu is one such example.

Mount Abu has a very rich floral biodiversity starting with xenomorphic subtropical thorn forest at the foot hills to subtropical evergreen forest along water courses and valleys at higher altitudes. These forests consist of 112 plant families with 449 genera and 820 species. Of these, 663 species are dicots while 157 species are monocots. Mount Abu is the only place in Rajasthan where one can observe a variety of orchids. The place is also rich in bryophytes and algae. Three species of wild roses and 16 species of feras some of which are quite rare have also been reported from here. The South- West part of the Sanctuary is rich in bamboo forests.

The sanctuary is rich in herbal medicinal plants also. About 81 species of tree, 89 species of shrubs, 28 species of climbers and 17 species of tuberous plants of medicinal importance have been identified. A variety of fauna including highly rare, threatened and endangered species are found in this sanctuary. The past history of Mount Abu indicates the presence of Lion (last recorded in 1872) and Tiger (last reported in 1970). Presently the Panther is the apex predator. Other animals found here are Sambhar, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Wolf, Hyena, Jackal, Indian Fox, Common Langoor, Wild Boar, Pangolin, Rate!, Common Mongoose, Indian Hare, Porcupine, Hedgehog, etc. The sanctuary provides an ideal habitat for Sloth Bear; the population of Sloth Bear is increasing regularly as it can be seen while going through the forests or motoring on the road.

Climate
  • Summer: Max - 37.0 degree C | Min - 23.0 Degree C.
  • Winter: Max - 29.0 degree C | Min - 9.1 Degree C.

Access:
  • Airport: Nearest Airport Udaipur. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: Nearest Rail Head: Abu Road on the Delhi Mumbai rail route. Several trains a day from Delhi, Mumbai, Agra, Jaipur.
  • Roadways: Daily buses from Mount Abu.

Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Is located in the most rugged of the Aravali in Pali, Rajsamand and Udaipur districts of Rajasthan. It takes name after the impressive historic fort of Kumbhalgarh, which come into view over the Park. It is 578 sq Kms in area and at an altitude of 500 to 1,300m. It is home to a very large variety of wild life, some of which are highly endangered species. The wild life includes wolf, leopards, sloth bear, hyena, jackal, jungle cat, smabhar, nilgai, chaisingh (the four horned antelope), chinkara and hare.

The bird life at Kumbhalgarh is also gratifying. The normally shy and untrusted grey jungle fowl can be spotted here. Peacocks and Doves can be sighted regularly feeding on grains scattered by the jungle guards. Bird like the red spur owls, Parakeets, golden Oriole, grey Pigeons, Bulbul, Dove and white breasted kingfisher can also be seen near the water holes.

Kumbhalgarh’s natural beauty is attracting many tourists and especially for its accessibility from Udaipur, which is 100 Kms from here. Foot tracking and horse safari organised by local tour operators are proving to be very popular. A typical safari route enters the sanctuary from the Kumbhalgarh Fort and cutting across the sanctuary it reaches Ghanerao, and then borders an old abandoned road. On this road, one can sight Chinkaras, Neelgais, four horned Antelope and many birds.

Area Details: Total area: Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary 578 sq Kms at an altitude of 500 to 1,300m 65 Km.

Climate
  • Summer: Max - 37.0 degree C | Min - 23.0 Degree C.
  • Winter: Max - 29.0 degree C | Min - 9.1 Degree C.

Access:
  • Airport: Nearest Airport Udaipur. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: Nearest Rail Head Udaipur on the Delhi Mumbai rail route. Several trains a day from Delhi, Mumbai, Ahemedbad, Jaipur.
  • Roadways: Daily buses from Udaipur.

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is situated 5kms in the West of tourist city Udaipur, which surrounds the Sajjangarh Palace overlooking Udaipur City. From the palace, one can have a magnificent view of lakes of Udaipur and Aravalli hill ranges. The view of Sunrise and Sunset attracts every visitor atop of Bansdara hill.
Safari Park was created and wild animals like Chital, Sambar, Wild Boar, and Blue Bull were reintroduced. Animals like Panther, Hyena, Hare and Jackal has reappeared apart from variety of reptiles and birds. The wall extended further and now the entire hillock has been fenced, improving the vegetal cover of the sanctuary area
In the Hills, at a short distance on the North-West of Sajjangarh, there is an artificial lake named Jiyan Sagar, popularly known as "Bari Lake" or "Tiger Lake". The lake was constructed by Maharana Raj Singhji, the ex-ruler of Mewar, in 1664 AD and was named after Jana Devi, the mother of the Maharana. The lake has an area of 1.25 square miles with a storage capacity of 400 million cubic feet of water.

Safari Park: Herbivores like Chital, Sambar, Blue Bull, Wild Boar etc. have been reintroduced in the Safari Park to view the wild animals from dose quarters. A network of forest roads has been provided to reach different parts of the Safari Park.
Jhar Water Hole & Mahua Grove: Situated on western aspect of Bansdara hills is a perennial source of water "Jhar Water Hole", surrounded by number of ancient Mahua trees. Temple of Lord 'Shiva' is in close vicinity of this sacred grove. One can experience the effect of microclimate created by the surrounding forest area sitting at this place. During rainy season, the springs flowing through the area adds the beauty many more times.
Maharana Pratap Nature Trail:From Gorilla viewpoint one can track to Bari Lake through this nature trail and can study the beautiful geographical features of Aravali hills along with rich flora and fauna present in the area.
Area Details: Total Area: 250 sq Kms.

Climate
  • Summer: Max - 37.0 degree C | Min - 23.0 Degree C.
  • Winter: Max - 29.0 degree C | Min - 9.1 Degree C.

Access:
  • Airport: Nearest Airport Udaipur. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: Nearest Rail Head: Kota on the Delhi Mumbai rail route. Several trains a day from Delhi, Mumbai, Agra, Jaipur.
  • Roadways: Around 50 km from kota.

Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary

An erstwhile royal hunting preserve of the Maharaja of Kota, it is a thickly forested sanctuary lying along the southeastern border of Kota. This hilly sanctuary with thick forests is worth a visit. The animals here include Wolf, Sloth Bear, Chinkara and Leopard. This sanctuary is stretched in the area of 250 sq Kms, almost 50 Kms from Kota. The best time to visit is between February and May.

Area Details: Total area: Darrah Sanctuary 250 sq Kms.

Climate
  • Summer: Max - 37.0 degree C | Min - 23.0 Degree C.
  • Winter: Max - 29.0 degree C | Min - 9.1 Degree C./li>

Access:
  • Airport: Nearest Airport Udaipur. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: Nearest Rail Head: Kota on the Delhi Mumbai rail route. Several trains a day from Delhi, Mumbai, Agra, Jaipur.
  • Roadways: Around 50 km from kota.

Desert National Park

The Desert National Park is an excellent example of the ecosystem of the Thar Desert and its rich fauna. The Sudashri forest post is the most ideal place for observing wildlife in the Desert National Park. Sand dunes form less than 20 percent of the Park, which consists of craggy rocks, pavements and compact salt lake bottoms, intermodal areas and fixed dunes. Its inhabitants include the blackbuck, chinkara, wolf, Indian fox, desert fox, hare and desert cat. Flights of sand foresee start coming to waterholes from sunrise onwards. One also hear the morning call of the grey partridge. Blue tailed and green bee-eaters, drongos, common and bush quail and Indian rollers are birds, which are commonly found around waterholes. The park is also home to the great Indian Bustard which is peril of extinction.

Climate
  • Summer: Max - 50.0 degree.
  • Winter: Max - 25.0 degree C | Min - 9.1 Degree C.

Access:
  • Airport: Nearest Airport Jodhpur. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: Nearest Rail Head: Jaisalmer on the Delhi Mumbai rail route. Several trains a day from Delhi, Mumbai, Agra, Jaipur.
  • Roadways: Daily buses from Jaisalmer.

Keoladeo Ghana National Park

This magnificent bird haven in actual came into being paradoxically as a duck shooting preserve for Maharaja Suraj Mull of Bharatpur. He transformed the shallow depression formed by the confluence of River Gambhir and River Banganga into a reservoir by damming the rainwater in monsoons. Flooding of water created shallow wetland ecosystem causing it to be a perfect habitat for an astounding variety of birds. The park that was a hunting preserve for the Maharaja and the British continued to be so till 1964, after which the hunting was banned.
A forestation policy of planting acacias was vigorously followed. However the ecosystem at the Park continues to be fragile due to pressures of tourism and need for water from surrounding villages. However the environmentalists won the day in 1985 when UNESCO listed it as World Heritage site and earlier in 1982 it was declared as National Park. And, today the Park is recognised as the most important breeding and feed grounds for the birds in the world. Some species are still endangered and especially the Siberian crane. Visitors are advised to maintain low noise level and avoid littering the park.
The Park opens from sunrise to sunset around the year. Vehicles are permitted upto Shanti Kutir about 1.7 kilometers inside. After this you can choose to walk, bicycle, or go by cycle rickshaw, Tonga or boat when the water level is high. The cycle rickshaw wallah’s displaying yellow plate meaning authorised double up as guides also carry binoculars. Hotels do supply packed lunches and you can get a bite at a canteen on the second gate and even at Forest Lodge.

Area Details: Total area: 29 sq.km

Climate
  • Summer: Max - 45.0 degree C | Min - 37.0 Degree C.
  • Winter: Max - 31.7 degree C | Min - 7.0 Degree C

Access:
  • Airport: Nearest Airport: Jaipur 225 km. Several flights to and from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: There is Shatabdi Express to Delhi, via Jaipur, Ajmer and Alwar
  • Roadways: There are express buses that ply between Agra, Delhi and Jaipur.

Sariska Tiger Reserve

Sariska Tiger Reserve is situated only 200 km from Delhi and 107 km from Jaipur. Although larger than Ranthambor, it is less commercialized and has less tigers but a similar topography. It covers an area of 800 sq km in total, with a core area of approximately 500 sq km. The Northern Aravali Hills dominate the skyline with their mixture of sharp cliffs and long narrow valleys. The area was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and became a National Park in 1979.
The landscape of Sariska comprises of hills and narrow valleys of the Aravali hill range. The topography of Sariska supports scrub-thorn arid forests, dry deciduous forests, rocks and grasses. The broad range of wildlife here is a wonderful example of ecological adoption and tolerance, for the climate here is variable as well as erratic. It is located in the contemporary Alwar district and is the legacy of the Maharajas of Alwar. Pavilions and Temples within Sariska are ruins that hint at past riches and glory. The nearby Kankwadi Fort has a long and turbulent history. In morning and evening, wildlife in Sariska heads towards the many water holes, which litter the park, thus providing the guests with their best chance of viewing game. At some of these watering holes it is possible to book hides which are situated in prime spots for wildlife viewing.
The park is home to numerous carnivores including Leopard, Wild Dog, Jungle Cat, Civets Hyena, Jackal, and Tiger. These feed on species such as Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Chausingha, Wild Boar and Langur. Sariska is also well known for its large population of Rhesus Monkeys, which are found around Talvriksh. The avian world is also well represented with Peafowl, Grey Partridge, Bush Quail, Sand Grouse, Treepie, Golden backed Woodpecker, crested Serpent Eagle and The Great Indian horned Owl. For wildlife viewing and your comfort it is best to visit from October to April. Safaris are provided by jeep.

Area Details: Total Area: 866 Sq.km | Core Area: 498 Sq.km.

Climate
  • Summer: Max - 41.0 degree C | Min - 28.0 Degree C.
  • Winter: Max - 23.0 degree C | Min - 8.0 Degree C.
  • Rainfall: 57.77 cms.
  • Humidity: 70%.

Access:
  • Airport: Nearest Airport: Jaipur 180 km. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: The nearest rail junction is Alwar at a distance of 35 km, from where you can hire a taxi or travel by bus to the park.
  • Roadways: There are direct buses that ply between Delhi and Jaipur.

Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve

Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve, before a princely game conserve is the scene where the celebrated Indian Tiger is best seen. Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve lies on the junction of Aravali and Vindhyas just 14 Km from Sawai Madhopur in Eastern Rajasthan. It sprawls over a varying and undulating landscape. The scenery changes dramatically from gentle and steep slopes of the Vindhyas and sharp and conical hills of the Aravali. A tenth century fort also blends amicably with the background. Pure sands of Dhok (Anogeissus pendula) interspersed with grasslands at the plateaus; meadows in valleys and luxuriant foliage around the canals make the jungle. Three big lakes – Padam Talab (meaning Lake), Malik Talab and Raj Bagh – are similar turquoises studded in the vast forest that abounds with aquatic vegetation including duckweeds, lilies and lotus.
A significant geological feature within the park is the 'Great Boundary Fault' where the Vindhaya plateau meets the Aravali range. The Rivers Chambal in the South and the Banas in the North bound the National Park. The park is dotted with steep rocky hills and the dominating architecture of Ranthambor Fort (built in the 10th century), adds to its landscape. The rugged park terrain alternates between dry deciduous forest, open grassy meadow, dotted by several lakes and rivers that are only made passable by rough roads built and maintained by the Forest Service. The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambhore although it is the one park resident that people come to see.
A variety of birds including Owlets, the ubiquitous Langur, Leopard, Caracal, Hyena, Jackal, Jungle Cat, marsh Crocodiles, Wild Boar, Bears and various species of Deer are the other attractions.
Ranthambor is plagued by the typical problems encountered by all game reserves in India - people living in and around the parks and grazing by livestock! Between 1976 - 1979, 12 villages within Ranthambor National Park were resettled outside the designated park area with only a few people now residing in scattered hamlets within the park. Of course poachers continue their activities with increasing demand from China for Tiger parts. There are no accurate figures on how many tigers and poachers kill other species, but on occasion evidence appears in the form of large numbers of skins and other body parts found on couriers.
The park is well staffed and the folk who man the centres and the mandatory guides - one for every vehicle, are knowledgeable of the terrain and some even know the Latin names of most species. The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambhore; although it is the one park resident people come to see. We were lucky to see several varieties of birds including these owlets peering through their burrow pictured here on the right and of course the ubiquitous Langur monkey. Other animals in the reserve include leopard, caracal, hyena, jackal, jungle cat, marsh crocodiles, wild boar, bears and various species of deer.
The main food source for the tiger is the swamp deer like Barasinsga and on occasion the wild buffalo and also wild boar etc. If you wish to stay near the park, the facilities on offer are superb. The park gates open a half hour before sunrise and close half hour after sunset. The timings are vigorously imposed and no exceptions are made to this rule.
Like oil lamps flickering in the wind, the world's tiger population is unhurriedly being snuffed out. Several books and literature have been produced to describe the most intriguing, the most powerful and the most majestic of all animals. The Hindu tradition and culture have a place of honor and worship for tiger. In India people had added Singh, Sher and Nahar on their names to upgrade their class. Yet people have been incredibly scant to the cause of the tiger. This web site aims in graphics, pictures and prose to advance the level of wakefulness and concern for this mythical and secretive striped beauty that placidly roams the jungles.
The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambor although it is the one park resident people come to see. We were lucky to see several varieties of birds including these owlets peering through their burrow pictured here on the right and of course the ubiquitous Langur monkey. Other animals in the reserve include leopard, caracal, hyena, jackal, jungle cat, marsh crocodiles, wild boar, bears and various species of deer.
Tiger Moments:
Tiger Burning Bright in rare and relaxed moments exhibits it lovable beauty. It is in these moments that the sheer beauty and power of this animal comes out so mesmerizing. It is an experience that no one should fail to spot. If your grand mother has told you that cat the maternal aunt of the tiger did not teach a tiger to climb trees so he can’t climb trees then she was probably not wholly right. A commendable photographs shows that tigers can scale trees like other cats but only upto 16 months of age of after which they too heavy to do so. These pictures depict the world around the tiger and are expected to arouse passion for the tiger. The tiger is waging a lonely battle for survival – you must stand for restoring the eco-balance.

Area Details: Total Area: 392.5 Sq. Km | Core Area: 274.50 Sq. Km | Buffer Area: 118.00 Sq. Km.

Climate
  • Summer: Max - 37.0 degree C | Min - 23.0 Degree C.
  • Winter: Max - 29.0 degree C | Min - 9.1 Degree C.

Access:
  • Airport: Nearest Airport Jaipur 180 km. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.
  • Railways: Nearest Rail Head Sawai Madhopur (10 km) on the Delhi Mumbai rail lines. Several trains a day from Delhi, Mumbai, Agra, Jaipur.
  • Roadways: Around 340 km from Delhi | 180 km from Jaipur | 250 km from Agra.